Six years later, Egypt begins switch to new capital

CAIRO —  President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has directed the federal government to begin relocating to the brand new administrative capital in December.

The new administrative capital, east of Cairo, is situated within the space between Cairo-Suez Road and Cairo-Ain Sokhna Road. The website is about 60 km from each the cities of Suez and Ain Sokhna, and the guts of Cairo.

In the wake of his statements, Deputy Minister of Housing for National Projects Khaled Abbas informed journalist Ahmed Moussa on the Sada Al-Balad channel on Nov. Three that the switch of staff to the executive capital will happen over six months beginning in December.

Abbas mentioned that 50,000 staff will move, beginning with 10 p.c in December, with about 200 to 300 staff from every ministry. He confused that each one companies could be out there and that the brand new buildings have been accomplished.

According to the federal government, the brand new administrative capital has a complete value of $60 billion, a complete space of ​​170,000 acres, and a inhabitants of 6.5 million individuals, in a step geared toward easing congestion in Cairo. The first part, overlaying ​​40,000 acres, consists of the federal government district, the enterprise district, and the diplomatic district.

Pro-regime media shops rushed to have fun the beginning of labor within the new capital. Journalist Akram al-Qassas, chairman and editor-in-chief of Youm7 newspaper, mentioned  Nov. four that the brand new administrative capital symbolizes the brand new republic. He mentioned that the relocation displays the significance and effectiveness of the steps taken by the state companies.

On Nov. 3, Nashaat al-Daihi, host of the Bil-Warqa wa Al-Qalam program, mentioned that the brand new capital ought to function a “national shrine” and an embodiment of goals, ambitions, achievements, and creativity.

However, regardless of the unprecedented reward from Egyptian media shops and satellite tv for pc channels which can be utilizing the slogan “#The_New_Republic” throughout all broadcasts, observers consider that the relocation faces some obstacles that the federal government has but to beat.

On July 11, Khaled al-Husseini, the official spokesman for the Administrative Capital Company, mentioned that the development work of 50 embassies within the diplomatic district is scheduled to be accomplished in mid-2022.

But on Oct. 13, a diplomatic supply informed Al-Araby Al-Jadeed newspaper that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs contacted the nations whose embassies are primarily based in Cairo to ask them to substantiate their relocation and pay between 20 and 25 p.c of the full value of the property they’d be receiving.

According to the supply, nonetheless, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs did not signal contracts with greater than ten nations, whereas solely 40 nations agreed to submit requests to relocate their embassies to the executive capital, and solely 5 embassies are literally relocating.

The supply mentioned that some main nations discover it futile to relocate from Cairo and pay exorbitant costs and that some embassies query the capital’s viability in gentle of the issue of convincing residents to reside there and the anticipated day by day travel backwards and forwards.

During the launch of the challenge in 2015, the Ministry of Transport introduced its intention to construct a monorail and categorical electrical practice, amongst different inside tasks equivalent to environmentally pleasant buses, with a view to facilitate staff’ and residents’ commute to work.  On Nov. 3, the Administrative Capital Company introduced the set up of the primary monorail with 4 automobiles and set an official date for the relocation.

Diaa el-Din Daoud, a member of the Parliament’s Legislative Committee, informed Al-Monitor that turning the executive capital into the capital of Egypt is unconstitutional, particularly the relocation of state companies, such because the parliament and the Constitutional Court. 

Article 114 of the Constitution states that the seat of the House of Representatives is in Cairo. Article 191 states that the Supreme Constitutional Court is an unbiased judicial physique primarily based in Cairo. Article 222 additionally stipulates that “Cairo is the capital of the Arab Republic of Egypt.”

The answer, Daoud mentioned, is to increase the geographical scope of the Cairo governorate by a cupboard resolution to be submitted to the House of Representatives. Such a move is important and potential given the federal government’s imaginative and prescient of a brand new capital and its harnessing of all prospects for the success of the challenge.

On March 9, Sisi mentioned throughout his speech on the actions of the 33rd academic symposium on the Day of the Martyr and the Old Warrior that the brand new administrative capital represents the beginning of a brand new state and a brand new republic.

“We are seeking to improve the reality of Egyptians,” he mentioned.