CAIRO — Doctors on the NYU Langone Health Center in New York City have efficiently transplanted a pig’s kidney to a human after scientists eliminated the molecule from the pig’s genes that triggered the human immune system to beforehand reject related transplants. The surgical procedure was carried out on a affected person who had kidney dysfunction and had been pronounced clinically lifeless, after the consent of the person’s household.
The medical neighborhood hailed this process as a breakthrough in organ transplantation amid the extreme scarcity of human organs for such surgical procedures.
Egyptian clerics, nonetheless, have been fast to denounce the process, arguing that Islamic Sharia prohibits any sort of pig consumption.
In the primary scathing remark, Attia Lashin, a member of the Fatwa Committee of Al-Azhar in Egypt, described the surgical procedure as impermissible, stressing in a press release on Oct. 22 that “any use or consumption of pig meat or body organs is a sin, and pigs will continue to be forbidden until the end of days.”
Ahmed Karima, a professor of jurisprudence at Al-Azhar University, concurred with Lashin, as he instructed Al-Monitor, “According to Sharia, it is forbidden to transplant a pig kidney into a human body. Pigs are ‘impure’ and therefore it is forbidden to consume part or all of them, whether for food or any medical procedure. Purity is a prerequisite to perform prayers, and according to the Sharia, the entire human body must be pure for this end. Transplanting a pig organ into a human body renders the person impure.”
But different clerics argued that it was permissible to make use of pig organs for human therapy. Abdullah al-Najjar, a member of Al-Azhar’s Islamic Research Academy, mentioned in a TV interview on Oct. 24 that in response to the Sharia, it’s permissible to make use of pig kidney for human therapy, and that the prohibition applies to the animal’s meat.
In a bid to resolve the controversy, Al-Azhar — the nation’s principal spiritual reference — and Dar al-Ifta issued statements.
In an official fatwa, Al-Azhar mentioned that it’s forbidden to make use of something that’s impure for medical therapy, together with pig organs, except there’s an absolute necessity. Dar al-Ifta additionally mentioned that if there was no different different, pig transplant can be permissible as a result of preserving life is the very best quest within the Islamic Sharia.
Mona Mina, the previous undersecretary of the Medical Syndicate, instructed Al-Monitor that the medical process by the American surgeons is a preliminary success. “This procedure will be further studied and examined to be applied on patients suffering from kidney failures,” she added, stressing the appropriate of sufferers to learn from the most recent scientific findings.
“These patients suffer a lot in dialysis, which is a continuous treatment that usually leaves their bodies exhausted. They look forward to a radical solution, and everyone knows that there are long waiting lists in the world for organ transplant. Transplantation is a lifesaver for patients around the world, but it is a costly and difficult procedure. Therefore, this new medical breakthrough came as great news for many people,” Mina mentioned.
She known as on Egypt’s medical neighborhood to advertise what she considers to be an vital slogan, “prevention is better than treatment.” She additionally burdened the necessity to present well being care facilities throughout the nation with all of the tools to detect ailments early on, similar to blood strain, diabetes, and different related sicknesses.
Early detection, she mentioned, “could eliminate most of the causes of kidney failure diseases, especially those primary ones that are easy to treat at a lower cost, instead of neglecting the patients’ health until an aggravated and advanced stage.”
But there are many problems facing organ donation in Egypt, primarily the dearth of correct infrastructure. “We lack a database of the names of donors and of patients in need of organ transplant, and what organ they need. We also need hospitals where we can preserve organs and transplant them efficiently,” she mentioned.