Dementia: An informative pack to know it and crack it!

The study of dementia shows that individuals diagnosed with this disease are prone to death in the drastic time of COVID-19. However, regular exercise and proper medication may lead to positive hopes.

Dementia is a common name for losing the power of retaining past memories. In other words, it could also be said as forgetting problem-solving skills, speech, etc. which play a serious role in everyday life. The extremely ordinary thing that leads to dementia is Alzheimer’s disease.

It is a disorder in which there is stagnation in remembrance, thinking, manners, and the skills to carry out daily activities

Signs and symptoms

Dementia affects a person in distinct ways. Some symptoms are:

In the initial phase of dementia, the symptoms that occur are amnesia, unawareness of the time may lose in similar places. In the middle phase, a dementia patient forgets recent events, the names of the people, face difficulty in communication and experience changes in behaviour. However, in the last phase of dementia, the patient comes across complete inactivity.

Causes

Dementia is originated from injury to the cells of the brain. This injury inhibits the quality of the cells of the brain to make contact with each other. The ability to think, feel, and perform different tasks can be affected and the cells of the brain are not able to communicate properly.

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The brain has many different parts. Each one is responsible for distinct function such as development, remembrance, etc. When the cells in a specific sector are injured, that sector is not able to accomplish its responsibilities properly.

Types  

This disease occurs in various forms such as Alzheimer’s disease, vascular, Lewy body, frontotemporal and mixed.

Additional information

Distinct kinds of this disease are correlated with specific kinds of damage to cells in a specific sector of the brain.

For instance, in Alzheimer’s disease, a large number of definite proteins around the brain cells create difficulty for the cells of the brain to remain in good health and to make contact with each other. Hippocampus is the region of the brain that is the main point of learning and retaining. In this part, the cells are harmed at earliest because of this, the initial symptom of Alzheimer’s is the loss of memory.

Intelligence and remembrance issues resulting in the succeeding situation may improve when these conditions are addressed:

  • Melancholy
  • Side effects of medication
  • Large amounts of alcohol
  • Problems of thyroid
  • Deficiencies of vitamins

Diagnosis 

To find out if someone has dementia, there is not a single test. Based on a thorough study of medical history, a physical inspection, laboratory test, doctors can determine Alzheimer’s and other types of dementia based. An individual with a large quantity of certainty can have dementia. At the same time, due to the mixing of different indicators of different types of dementia, it is very difficult to diagnose the particular type of dementia.

Stages

 The stages in dementia vary from person to person. Generally, there are 3 stages of dementia:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe

Treatment and care

When one comes to know that a close person has diagnosed with dementia, try the following treatments.

Medications

No medicament can help in the treatment of dementia. But some of them can help. And doctors can advise other medicine to cure problems caused by dementia, such as depression, trouble sleeping, or irritability. These medicines may include Memantine, Cholinesterase inhibitors, etc

Therapies

Some of the therapies can help to have a bright and fruitful outcome. By counselling and support, this disease can be recovered. On the other hand, removing the noisy objects from the house. As noise may cause disturbance for the patient.

Prevention

The study of dementia shows that individuals can lower the risk of this disease by doing exercise regularly, keeping a balanced diet, leaving smoking and alcohol, managing their weight, blood pressure, sugar level, avoiding depression, and social isolation.

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