Centre, states work to hyperlink migrant employee database to job-match portal

With over 8.43 crore casual sector employees having registered with their Aadhaar numbers on the e-Shram portal, the Centre is in contact with states to make sure convergence of social safety schemes for them and assist match them with employment alternatives.

To this impact, the employee database shall be linked with Unnati, the proposed labour-matching platform. Also, when the 38-crore registration goal is achieved, officers stated, it would present an perception into the variety of migrant employees and even those that have been earlier registered with the organised sector.

“Initially, the registration process on the e-Shram portal included a question about whether a worker is a migrant worker, but the question was subsequently done away with. When the registration process reaches its final stage, data will be analysed to mark the difference between home address and work address. If the work address is outside the hometown — that will determine the category of migrant workers,” a senior official stated.

This database can also be going to be linked to Unnati for blue-collar and grey-collar jobs. Both employers and employees will be capable of entry this, stated an official. “Initial discussions have happened, and work related to linking the database of the e-Shram portal with the Unnati portal will begin in 6-8 weeks,” the official stated.

About 400 occupational classes have been added on the portal. “Say, for example, a municipality wants to engage masons or any other workers, they can use the database to identify and hire such workers for local projects,” the official stated.

The database shall be analysed to test for employees who’ve had any prior registration with the formal sector by way of the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) since each registrations have a standard format of a 12-digit identification quantity, Universal Account Number (UAN), officers stated.

There is a rising dialogue throughout the authorities that there must be a universalisation of social safety, and schemes should be tailor-made in accordance with classes of organised and unorganised employees and people who move between these two classes.

“Discussions are being held with states for better convergence of schemes at the state and Central levels. There is going to be a proper database of Aadhaar-seeded identification of workers, which will help in better streamlining of benefits. This may be a slow process but will be a positive process,” one other senior Labour Ministry official stated.

The authorities has already introduced linking unintentional insurance coverage with registration on the e-Shram portal. If a registered employee meets with an accident, he/she shall be eligible for Rs 2 lakh on dying or everlasting incapacity and Rs 1 lakh on partial incapacity.

The e-Shram portal will present perception for the primary time into unorganised sector employees together with migrant employees, gig employees, agricultural employees, anganwadi employees, avenue distributors, home employees amongst others. As of now, such a database is offered primarily just for organised employees by way of the registered employees beneath EPFO.

Following the pandemic and the lockdown misery, final December, the Labour and Employment Ministry had sought assist from different ministries to construct a brand new database for migrant employees and others within the unorganised sector, which it had hoped to operationalise by June this yr. The e-Shram portal was formally launched on August 26.

West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar and Jharkhand have recorded the best variety of registrations by employees up to now.