Of the over 7.86 crore registrations on the e-Shram portal — the nation’s first centralised database of unorganised employees seeded with Aadhaar — 40.5 per cent belong to Other Backward Classes (OBCs), 27.four per cent to the final class, 23.7 per cent to the Scheduled Castes and eight.Three per cent to the Scheduled Tribes.
The estimations are vital as a result of they provide, for the primary time, an indicator of the social profile of the casual sector employees within the nation.
According to the 2011 Census, the inhabitants share of SCs stood at 16.2 per cent and eight.2 per cent for STs. The depend of OBCs is just not detailed within the Census, however a 2007 survey by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) had pegged the inhabitants share of OBCs at 40.9 per cent. The normal class inhabitants works out to round 34 per cent.
The occupation-wise registration information reveals the utmost registrations have been seen within the agriculture sector (53.6 per cent), adopted by building (12.2 per cent) and home and family employees (8.71 per cent).
The portal has been recording main and secondary occupation of unorganised sector employees, with these in rural areas routinely recording two occupations.
“There are many unorganised workers who shift between informal and formal work and even among occupations. Say, an agricultural labourer may also work as a construction worker at a different point of time in the year. So, the portal is registering information based on primary and secondary occupation. Usually for rural areas, two occupations are being seen for the unorganised workers. The workers will be able to update their details so that the data remains dynamic and up-to-date,” a senior labour ministry official advised The Indian Express.
For agriculture, West Bengal leads with a 13.38 per cent share or 1.05 crore registrations, adopted by Odisha with 10.5 per cent share (82.6 lakh), Uttar Pradesh with 9.15 per cent (71.9 lakh), Bihar with 5.71 per cent (44.9 lakh) and Jharkhand with 3.03 per cent (23.82 lakh). The highest registrations have been seen for crop and farm labourers and subject crop and vegetable growers.
In the development sector, West Bengal leads with 17.03 lakh registrations, adopted by Uttar Pradesh (14.95 lakh), Bihar (13.13 lakh) and Odisha (12.04 lakh), with the best registrations being recorded for constructing and building employees adopted by these engaged on homes.
At 68.47 lakh, the third highest registrations have been seen for the occupation class of ‘domestic and household workers’, of which the best share is of home cooks (56.02 lakh) adopted by cleaners and helpers (12.45 lakh). Uttar Pradesh has recorded the best share of registrations for home and family employees at 21.63 lakh, adopted by West Bengal at 14.29 lakh and Bihar at 13 lakh.
The authorities just lately expanded the occupational classes from 160 to 400 to allow a wider classification of the work profiles of unorganised sector employees. “The categories will help workers to register their nature of work in detail and later on also help in matching requirements for employment opportunities,” the ministry official added.
Women employees account for 51.61 per cent of the entire registrations. Over 61 per cent of the entire registrations are by employees belonging to the 18-40 years age group. Also, 86.33 per cent of the entire registrations are linked with financial institution accounts.
The income-wise classification of the registration information reveals that 92 per cent of the registrants have month-to-month revenue of Rs 10,000 and under, 6 per cent have revenue between Rs 10,000-15,000. Besides, 1 per cent have revenue between Rs 15,000-18,000 and 0.5 per cent have revenue between Rs 18,000-21,000, the information confirmed.
After registering on the e-Shram portal, unorganised employees may have a Universal Account Number on the e-Shram card that will likely be legitimate throughout the nation and might be used to hyperlink with numerous social safety schemes.
The authorities has already introduced linking unintended insurance coverage with registration on the e-Shram portal. If a registered employee meets with an accident, he/she will likely be eligible for Rs 2 lakh on demise or everlasting incapacity and Rs 1 lakh on partial incapacity.
The labour ministry can also be endeavor work on linking this database with the Unnati portal, which is proposed to be a labour matching platform for employees to seek out employment.